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HAWAII FISH SPECIES REFERENCE

In all of REEF's materials, we try to use the standardized common names published by the American Fisheries Society.  Below are the fishes on REEF's Hawaiian Islands scanform, with the common name that is listed on the form, the scientific name, and a Hawiian name (if known).   

Angelfish
Bandit Angelfish - Holacanthus arcuatus -
Fisher’s Angelfish - Centropyge fisheri -
Masked Angelfish - Genicanthus personatus -
Potter’s Angelfish - Centropyge potteri -

Anthias
Bicolor Anthias - Pseudanthias bicolor -
Hawaiian Longfin Anthias - Pseudanthias hawaiiensis -
Thompson’s Anthias - Pseudanthias thompsoni -

Barracuda
Great Barracuda - Sphyraena barracuda -
kaku
Heller’s Barraduca - Sphyraena helleri - kawele'a

Bigeye
Glasseye - Heteropriacanthus cruentatus - aweoweo
Hawaiian Bigeye - Priacanthus meeki - aweoweo

Blenny
Ewa Fangblenny - Plagiotremus ewaensis -
Gargantuan Blenny
- Cirripectes obscurus -
Gosline’s Fangblenny - Plagiotremus goslinei -
Scarface Blenny - Cirripectes vanderbilti -
Shortbodied Blenny - Exallias brevis -
pao'o kauila
Zebra Rockskipper - Istiblennius zebra - pao'o

Bonefish and Ladyfish
Bonefish sp. - Albula sp. -
o'o
Hawaiian Tenpounder - Elops hawaiensis - awa'aua

Boxfish
Spotted Boxfish - Ostracion meleagris - moa
Thornback Cowfish - Lactoria fornasini - makukana
Whitley’s Trunkfish - Ostracion whitleyi - moa

Butterflyfish
Blacklip Butterflyfish - Chaetodon kleinii -
lauhau
Bluestripe Butterflyfish - Chaetodon fremblii - kikakapu
Forcepsfish - Forcipiger flavissimus - lau-wiliwili-nukunuku-oi'oi
Fourspot Butterflyfish - Chaetodon quadrimaculatus - lau-hau
Lined Butterflyfish - Chaetodon lineolatus - kikakapu
Milletseed Butterflyfish - Chaetodon miliaris - lau-wiliwili
Multiband Butterflyfish - Chaetodon multicinctus -
Ornate Butterflyfish - Chaetodon ornatissimus - kikakapu
Oval Butterflyfish - Chaetodon lunulatus -
Pennantfish - Heniochus diphreutes -
Pyramid Butterflyfish - Hemitaurichthys polylepis -
Raccoon Butterflyfish - Chaetodon lunula - kikakapu
Reticulated Butterflyfish - Chaetodon reticulatus -
Saddleback Butterflyfish - Chaetodon ephippium -
Teardrop Butterflyfish - Chaetodon unimaculatus - kikakapu
Threadfin Butterflyfish - Chaetodon auriga -
Thompson’s Butterflyfish - Hemitaurichthys thompsoni -

Cardinalfish
Bandfin Cardinalfish - Apogon menesemus -
upapalu
Iridescent Cardinalfish - Apogon kallopterus - upapalu
Spotted Cardinalfish - Apogon maculiferus - upapalu

Damselfish
Agile Chromis - Chromis agilis -
Blackfin Chomis - Chromis vanderbilti -
Blackspot Sergeant
- Abudefduf sordidus - kupipi
Blue-eye Damselfish - Plectroglyphidodon johnstonianus -
Brighteye Damselfish - Plectroglyphidodon imparipennis -
Chocolate Dip Damselfish - Chromis hanui -
Hawaiian Dascyllus - Dascyllus albisella -
'alo'ilo'i
Hawaiian Sergeant - Abudefduf abdominalis - mamo
Indo-Pacific Sergeant - Abudefduf vaigiensis - mamo
Oval Chromis - Chromis ovalis -
Pacific Gregory - Stegastes fasciolatus -
Rock Damselfish - Plectroglyphidodon sindonis -
Threespot Damselfish - Chromis verater -
Whitetail Chromis - Chromis leucura -

Dartfish and Wormfish
Curious Wormfish - Gunnellichthys curiosus -
Fire Dartfish - Nemateleotris magnifica -
Spottail Dartfish - Ptereleotris heteroptera -

Eels
Banded Moray - Gymnothorax rueppelliae -
puhi'ou
Dragon Moray - Enchelycore pardalis - puhi kauila
Dwarf Moray - Gymnothorax melatremus - puhi
Hawaiian Garden Eel - Gorgasi hawaiiensis -
Snowflake Moray - Echidna nebulosa -
puhi-kapa
Stout Moray - Gymnothorax eurostus - puhi
Tiger Moray - Scuticaria tigrina - puhi
Undulated Moray - Gymnothorax undulatus - puhi lau milo
Viper Moray - Enchelynassa canina - puhi kauila
Whitemouth Moray - Gymnothorax meleagris - puhi
Yellomargin Moray - Gymnothorax flavimarginatus - puhi
Zebra Moray - Gymnomuraena zebra - puhi

Filefish
Barred Filefish - Cantherhines dumerilii -
o'ili
Fantail Filefish - Pervagor spilosoma - o'ili-'uwi'uwi
Scrawled Filefish - Aluterus scriptus - loulu
Squaretail Filefish - Cantherhines sandwichiensis - o'ili lepa
Yellowtail Filefish - Pervagor aspricaudus - o'ili

Flounder
Flowery Flounder - Bothus mancus -
Panther Flounder - Bothus pantherinus -

Goatfish
Bandtail Goatfish - Upeneus arge -
weke pueo
Blue Goatfish - Parupeneus cyclostomus - moano ukali
Doublebar Goatfish - Parupeneus bifasciatus - munu
Manybar Goatfish - Parupeneus multifasciatus - moano
Sidespot Goatfish - Parupeneus pleurostigma - malu
Whitesaddle Goatfish - Parupeneus porphyreus - kumu
Yellowfin Goatfish - Mulloidichthys vanicolensis - weke'ula
Yellowstripe Goatfish - Mulloidichthys flavolineatus - weke'a

Grouper
Hawaiian Grouper - Epinephelus quernus -
hapu'u
Peacock Grouper - Cephalopholis argus - roi

Hawkfish
Arc-Eye Hawkfish - Paracirrhites arcatus -
pili-ko'a
Blackside Hawkfish - Paracirrhites forsteri - hilu pili-ko'a
Redbarred Hawkfish - Cirrhitops fasciatus - pili-ko'a
Stocky Hawkfish - Cirrhitus pinnulatus - po'opa'a

Jacks
Bigeye Scad - Selar crumenophthalmus -
akule
Bluefin Trevally - Caranx melampygus - omilu
Giant Trevally - Caranx ignobilis - ulua aukea
Golden Trevally - Gnathandon speciosus - ulua pa'opa'o
Leatherback - Scomberoides lysan - lai
Mackerel Scad - Decapterus macarellus - opelu
Rainbow Runner - Elagatis bipinnulata - kamanu

Longfish
Bluestriped Pipefish - Doryrhamphus exisus -
Cornetfish - Fistularis commersonii -
nunu peke
Halfbeak sp. - Hemiramphus sp. - iheihe
Houndfish - Tylosurus crocodilus - aha
Keeltail Needlefish - Platybelone argalus - aha
Redstripe Pipefish - Dunckerocampus baldwini -
Trumpetfish - Aulostomus chinensis -
nunu

Mullet and Threadfin
Sharpnose Mullet - Neomyxus leuciscus -
uouoa
Six-Fingered Threadfin - Polydactylus sexfilis - moi
Striped Mullet - Mugil cephalus - ama'ama

Parrotfish
Bullethead Parrotfish - Chlorurus sordidus -
uhu
Palenose Parrotfish - Scarus psittacus - uhu
Redlip Parrotfish - Scarus rubroviolaceus - uhu 'ele'ele, uhu palukaluka
Spectacled Parrotfish - Chlorurus perspicillatus - uhu-uliuli, uhu'ahu'ula
Stareye Parrotfish - Calotomus carolinus - ponuhunuhu

Pufferfish
Ambon Toby - Canthigaster amboinensis -
Crown Toby - Canthigaster coronata -
Hawaiian Whitespotted Toby - Canthigaster jactator -
Lantern Toby
- Canthigaster epilampra -
Maze Toby - Canthigaster rivulata -
Porcupinefish - Diodon hystrix -
kokala
Spiny Balloonfish - Diodon holocanthus - kokala
Spotted Puffer - Arothron meleagris - o'opu hue
Stripebelly Puffer - Arothron hispidus - o'opu hue

Rays
Broad Stingray - Dasyatis latus -
lupe
Manta Ray - Manta birostrus - hahalua
Spotted Eagle Ray - Aetobatis narinari - hihimanu

Scorpionfish
Devil Scorpionfish - Scorpaenopsis diabolus -
nohu'omakala
Hawaiian Lionfish - Dendrochirus barberi -
Hawaiian Turkeyfish - Pterois sphex - nohu pinao
Leaf Scorpionfish - Taenianotus triacanthus -
Titan Scorpionfish - Scorpaenopsis cacopsis -

Sharks
Blacktip Reef Shark - Carcharhinus melanopterus -
mano pa'ele
Gray Reef Shark - Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos - mano
Whitetip Reef Shark - Triaenodon obesus - mano lalakea

Squirrelfish
Bigeye Emperor - Monotaxis grandoculis -
mu
Blacktail Snapper - Lutjanus fulvus - to'au
Bluestripe Snapper - Lutjanus kasmira - ta'ape
Green Jobfish - Aprion virescens -
Smalltooth Jobfish - Aphareus furca - wahanui
Bigscale Soldierfish - Myripristis berndti - u'u
Crown Squirrelfish - Sargocentron diadema - ala'ihi
Epaulette Soldierfish - Myripristis kuntee - u'u
Hawaiian Squirrelfish - Sargocentron xantherythrum - ala'ihi

Surgeonfish
Achilles Tang - Acanthurus achilles -
paku-iku'i
Black Surgeonfish - Ctenochaetus hawaiiensis - pualu
Bluelined Surgeonfish - Acanthurus nigroris - maiko
Brown Surgeonfish - Acanthurus nigrofuscus - ma'i'i'i
Convict Tang - Acanthurus triostegus - manini
Eyestripe Surgeonfish - Acanthurus dussumieri - palani
Goldring Surgeonfish - Ctenochaetus strigosus - kole
Orangeband Surgeonfish - Acanthurus olivaceus - na'ena'e
Ringtail Surgeonfish - Acanthurus blochii - pualu
Sailfin Tang - Zebrasoma veliferum - maneoneo
Thompson’s Surgeonfish - Acanthurus thompsoni -
Whitebar Surgeonfish - Acanthurus leucopareius -
maiko-iko
Whitespotted Surgeonfish - Acanthurus guttatus - api
Yellow Tang - Zebrasoma flavescens - lau'i pau
Yellowfin Surgeonfish - Acanthurus xanthopterus -

Triggerfish
Black Durgon - Melicthys niger -
humuhumu'ele'ele
Bridled Triggerfish - Sufflamen fraenatus - humuhumu mimi
Crosshatch Triggerfish - Xanthichthys mento -
Gilded Triggerfish - Xanthichthys auromarginatus -
Lagoon Triggerfish - Rhinecanthus aculeatus -
humuhumunukunukuapua'a
Lei Triggerfish - Sufflamen bursa - humuhumu 'ele' ele
Pinktail Durgon - Melicthys vidua - humuhumu h'iu kole
Reef Triggerfish - Rhinecanthus rectangulus - humuhumunukunukuapua'a

Unicornfish (Surgeonfish)
Bluespine Unicornfish - Naso unicornis -
uma-uma-lei
Orangespine Unicornfish - Naso lituratus - umaumalei
Paletail Unicornfish - Naso brevirostris - kala lolo
Sleek Unicornfish - Naso hexacanthus - kala lolo, opelu kala

Wrasse
Belted Wrasse - Stethojulis balteata -
omaku
Bird Wrasse - Gomphosus varius - hinalea i'iwi
Blacktail Wrasse - Thalassoma ballieui - hinalea lauhine
Blackside Razorfish - Xyrichtys umbrilatus - laenihi
Christmas Wrasse - Thalassoma trilobatum -
Cigar Wrasse - Cheilio inermis -
kupoupou
Disappearing Wrasse - Pseudocheilinus evanidus -
Eightstripe Wrasse - Pseudocheilinus octotaenia -
Elegant Coris - Coris venusta -
Flame Wrasse - Cirrhilabrus jordani -
Fourstripe Wrasse - Pseudocheilinus tetrataenia -
Hawaiian Cleaner Wrasse - Labroides phthirophagus -
Hawaiian Hogfish - Bodianus bilunulatus -
a'awa
Hawaiian Knifefish - Cymolutes lecluse -
Lined Coris - Coris ballieui -
malamalama
Ornate Wrasse - Halichoeres ornatissimus - ohua
Peacock Razorfish - Xyrichtys pavo - laenihi
Pearl Wrasse - Anampses cuvier - opule
Psychedelic Wrasse - Anampses chrysocephalus -
Ringtail Wrasse - Oxycheilinus unifasciatus -
po'ou
Rockmover Wrasse - Novaculichthys taeniourus -
Saddle Wrasse - Thalassoma duperrey -
hinalea lauwili
Shortnose Wrasse - Macropharyngodon geoffroy -
Smalltail Wrasse - Pseudojuloides cerasinus -
Surge Wrasse - Thalassoma purpureum -
Twospot Wrasse - Oxycheilinus bimaculatus -
Yellowstriped Coris - Coris flavovittata -
hilu
Yellowtail Coris - Coris gaimard - hinalea akilolo

Others
Anchovy sp. - Encrasicholina sp. - nehu
Gray/Highfin/Lowfin Chub - Kyphosus sp. -
nenue
Hawaiian Flagtail - Kuhlia sandvicensis - aholehole
Commerson’s Frogfish - Antennarius commerson -
Helmet Gurnard - Dactyloptena orientalis -
Ulae  Lizardfish - Synodus ulae -
ulae
Reef Lizardfish - Synodus variegatus - ulae
Milkfish - Chanos chanos - awa
Moorish Idol - Zanclus cornutus - kihi-kihi
Hawaiian Orbicular Velvetfish - Caracanthus typicus -
Redspotted Sandperch - Parapercis schauinslandii -
Hawaiian Silverside - Atherinomorus insularum -
iao
Flagtail Tilefish - Malacanthus brevirostris - maka'a
Green Sea Turtle w/ FP - Chelonia mydas - Honu
Green Sea Turtle - Chelonia mydas - Honu

 


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Date Last Modified: 03/21/01

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