SIZE: 6-12 in. max. 14 1/2 in.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: 1. Dark crescent-shaped marking on tail near base followed by large spot form "C-O". 2. Usually dark prominent midbody spot with pale patch behind. 3. Large, protruding bulbous eyes near tip of snout.
Mottled, spotted and blotched in rich shades of brown with occasional white spots. Occasional S. California to SE Alaska.
SIZE: 1-2 ft. max. 3 ft. (terminal phase male), 6-12 in. (initial phase)
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: 1. White chin in both phases. TP: Red to orange or pink midbody; dark head and rear body. IP: Pink to reddish brown.
Two distinct color phases, terminal and initial. Older TPs develop a bulbous limp on nape. Occasional to uncommon central California; formally common but numbers greatly reduced by overfishing, especially spearfishing of large TP.
SIZE: 3-8 in. max 10 in.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: Yellow to orange to orange-brown. 1. Large black spot on tail base.
White belly. Cigar shaped. Abundant to common S. California; occasional to N. California.
SIZE: 12-14 in. max. 15 in. (terminal phase), 5-12 in. (initial phase)
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: TP: 1. Dark bar behind pectoral fin. IP: 2. Dark areas on scales form spotted stripe on upper side.
TP generally >12inches, green to lue-green and occasionally orange. IP typically between 5 and 12 inches, yellow to orange or orangish brown. Occasional S. California.
SIZE: 4-8 in. max. 1 ft.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: Blue-gray. 1. Black spots on scales primarily scattered from mid-body to tail.
Usually blue border on dorsal, anal, and tail fins. Typically swim in open water in large aggregations. Abundant to common S. California, occasional central California.
SIZE: 2-10 in. max. 14 in.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: Brilliant orange. 1. Display numerous iridescent blue spots until about 6 inches long.
Thin, oval shaped body; tail deeply notched between large rounded lobes. Aggressively territorial. Protected from any type of harvest as the California state marine fish. Abundant S. California; occasional to rare central California.
SIZE: 5 - 12 1/2 in. max. 15 1/2 in.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: 1. About nine dusky bars on body 2. Narrow blue stripe along base of anal fin. 3. Patch of large scales between pectoral fin and ventral fin.
Thin-bodied; football shaped profile. Silvery, tinted with shades of orange to reddish brown. Large dark lips. Occasional central to S. California; uncommon to rare N. California.
SIZE: 3 1/2 - 7 in. max. 8 1/2 in.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: 1. Snout pointed with upward jutting lower jaw. 2. Darkish areas on scales align to form several dusky stripes above midlateral line. 3. Head concave above eyes.
Thin-bodied.. Silvery with coppery sheen, often with bluish spots. Abundant to common N. California to B.C.; uncommon central and S. California.
SIZE: 6-14 in. max. 17 1/4 in.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: 1. Dusky to dark bar below front portion of soft dorsal fin. 2. Black spot behind corner of mouth.
Thin-bodied; football-shaped profile. Silvery gray, occasionally brownish. Deeply forked tail. Common central California to B.C.
SIZE: 6-20 in. max 26 in.
DISTINCTIVE FEATURES: 1. One to three white spots on back. 2. Bright blue to blue-green eyes.
Rounded, football shaped profile. Olive-green, often shaded with blue. Common S. California; occasional to uncommon north to Oregon.