Olive to reddish brown. Often rests on bottom.
Greenish brown to brown to gray; belly lighter shades to white.
No spot at the base of the tail.
White spots on the body form horizontal rows (vs. the Cortez grunt that has white spots arranged in oblique rows).
Silvery gray with darkish scale markings; dusky spots on snout and gill cover.
Deeper bodied than other snappers. Back dark greenish brown to brown, fading to lighter shades of copper, reddish brown or maroon sides and belly. Solitary, may mix with yellow snappers.
White with yellowish areas. Orange saddle outlined in black on snout. Short horns or spines over eyes. Common throughout region and the tropical Indo-Pacific.
Gray to brown. Row of three retractile spines on base of tail. The similar yellowtailed surgeonfish (P. laticlavius) is only found in the Galapagos and lacks the black spots.
Light blue to dark purple; also known as the purple surgeonfish. Narrow, light blue to yellow stripe along base of dorsal and anal fins. Also known as the purple surgeonfish.
Dark blue body. Yellow to orange markings on dorsal and anal fins. Round area, "crown" of light blue spots on forehead. Often solitary, also in large schools.